Typha grass threatens farming in Jigawa


Tit spreads an invasive weed, known as typhoid grass, threatens the agricultural ecology of the wetlands of the Kumadugu Yaba basin in the state of Jigawa. Weed prevents plants, fisheries and destroys pastures.

Typhoid grass covers 365 square kilometers of land in six local state areas of the state, thereby limiting agriculture to only about 40 percent of the land, because it makes the flow of water to the affected agricultural land impossible.

Our reporter noted that water weed infestation upstream in the affected areas led to stagnant water in the fields, which made agriculture impossible.

It also causes other communities along the wetland basin water path to suffer from water scarcity.

Typhoid grass, which grows luxuriously through Maigi, Kaugama, Auyo, Kirikishima, Guri and Birniva regions in the state of Jigawa, competes with food crops for water, sunlight, air, space and nutrients.

An invasive weed can outgrow the main crop because of its aggressive ability, which affects the crop. Weeds are commonly called kachalla by locals.

Until now, it was a seasonal problem, but farmers have learned to live with it, because the weed has become an all-season phenomenon.

Some farmers who spoke with Daily trust He said that the widespread type of weeds may not be due to changes in the water regime after the construction of reservoirs and dams in the country.

Weed, which is a deep-rooted grass, is commonly found in swampy areas like the one that developed along the valley of wetlands.

Umar Iguda, a farmer from Guri, told this reporter that typhoid grass was seen in the affected areas back in the 60s. The insinuation in some circles that it was introduced by the colonial masters may be wrong.

He added that before the construction of dams in the 70s, most of the local residents did not know about the existence of grass, because it could not withstand drought for more than three months.

“The communities in Kirikassam, Guri, Auyo and some districts of the local government districts of Khadzhidzhi suffered from flooding of the Khadegia River as a result of typhoid grass clogging the waterways, which helped keep water stationary, which made it impossible for the farm to be damaged in the affected farm.

“On the other hand, communities that suffer from water shortages due to blockages are forced to abandon irrigated agriculture. Dacia and other villages have been suffering from water shortages from the last 20 years.

“Grass brought many other weeds that blocked waterways. These herbs can cover up to 300 meters across the river. About 70 percent of the agricultural fields owned by people living along the valley of wetlands can no longer be cultivated.

“Before the phenomenon of typhoid grass, more than 50 trailers transferred agricultural products to another part of this country, but when typhoid grass took over, production declined, and only about five harvest crop trailers were realistic for the season.”

Speaking also Daily trust, a local farmer in the Aoue local government district, Abdullahi Mohammed Ghanuvar Cook, said that among the affected local government areas of Kirikishima was the worst, because besides the destruction of the grass trachea, there was also an invasion of potash that made the land barren.

He said that blocking waterways in a valley of wetlands is widespread in the state of Jigawa, which was affected by flooding, while the lower part of the valley was affected by drought.

He, however, said that help came along the path of the affected areas, since dredging was carried out in some parts of the valley.

“When the problem of typhoid grass reached its peak in the last 15 years, farmland, pastures and fish ponds were lost to grass. About 60 percent of agricultural activity was lost to typhoid grass. The defeat of potash fertilizers is another disaster, the harvest of all kinds can no longer grow in fields subject to the influence of potash, ”he said.


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