SPECIAL REPORT: How prices of rice, other cereals in Nigeria doubled in one year



The rates of widely eaten cereals and legumes rose by a average of 98 per cent in the last one year.

The prices of major legumes and cereals in Nigeria rose at an average of about 98.85 and 99.9 per cents respectively in the last one year, a PREMIUM TIMES market survey has shown.

The prices of staples such as rice, beans, groundnut, soybeans, maize, sorghum, and millet were surveyed across some major markets located in different regions of the country. The prices of grains such as rice, maize, sorghum, and millet have risen by 44.4 and 117 per cents respectively.

Likewise, the survey showed that the prices of essential cowpeas such as beans and soybeans increased by 159.3 and 76.7 per cent, while prices of groundnuts rose by 63.64 per cent from what they were being sold for last year.

Nigeria’s food inflation reached 27 per cent in February 2021, according to the National Bureau of Statistics, making it the highest since at least 2005.

The aftermath of the rise has been evident in the prices of all classes of food, as prices continue to skyrocket almost on a daily basis, leaving Nigeria’s large population of poor citizens struggling to get food and key ingredients for survival.

The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) latest Consumer Price Index report, which measures the prices of goods and services, said Nigeria’s inflation rate fell for the second consecutive month in May to 17.93 per cent from 18.12 per cent recorded a month earlier.

However, food inflation reached 22.28 per cent in May from 22.72 per cent recorded in April 2021, the NBS reported.

The NBS in its report noted that the rise in the food index as of May this year was caused by increases in the prices of bread, cereals, milk, cheese, eggs, fish, soft drinks, coffee, tea and cocoa, fruits, meat, oils and fats, and vegetables.

While inflationary pressures subsist, efforts to spur local food production by the Buhari-led administration in the bid to cut down on importation bills, and as well achieve food sufficiency have been majorly truncated by attacks on farms and farmers, forex scarcity, naira devaluation, and extreme climatic events, Covid-19 disruption, and challenges with importation due to border closure policy that lasted almost a year, causing food prices to steadily rise.

A PREMIUM TIMES market survey shows that the prices of common cereals and legume crops, such as rice, beans, maize, soybeans, groundnut among others which are the main staple foods among Nigerians have doubled in the past weeks and months, while the income of citizens remains stagnated.

In several interviews conducted by this newspaper, producers, marketers and consumers expressed dissatisfaction over the spike in the prices of key food products and that it has become highly unbearable, leaving Nigeria’s large population of poor citizens struggling to get food and key ingredients.

PREMIUM TIMES reported how insecurity among other factors have affected important poultry feed formulation ingredients such as maize, soybeans, and groundnut supply in recent months.

Muhammadu Adamu, the chairperson of, grain dealers association at Suwarin market in Kiyawa local government area of Jigawa State, said the price of grains compared to that of last year has skyrocketed significantly, but that the prices are now going down following the commencement of the rainy season.

Mr Adamu said last year, a 120kg bag of local Rice was sold at about N42,000 and that this year, the price is still the same, fluctuating within the N41,000 to N42,000 price rates.

Muhammadu Adamu, the chairperson of, grain dealers association at Suwarin market in Kiyawa local government area of Jigawa State

He said soybeans were sold at N22,000 per 120kg bag in the market last year, but that the price jumped to N36,000, this year.

Similarly, he said the prices of Sorghum, maize, and millet as of last year were at N12,000 per 120kg bag but are now being sold at N26,000 in the market.

However, he said unlike other markets in the state, Shuwarin market is not much identified with the selling of wheat.

Traders selling bags of sorghum, maize, and millet displayed in the market

Sule Gomo, chairperson of rice dealers association, in Shuwarin market, attributed the high prices of the grains to high demands due to the increase in population and insecurity in some parts of the country.

Mr Gomo said; ” The price of Rice remains static due to year-round irrigation farming in the state, and that the price of rice was once down to N40,000 due to consistent irrigation farming for at least three times in a year.”

“The prices of beans went up because more people went into rice farming,” said an Abak market foodstuff trader in Akwa Ibom state, Samuel Daniel. “Last year January we sold a cup of beans between N40-N50 per cup, but we are currently selling it for N150 per cut now,”

He said they used to purchase a 100kg bag of beans at the rate of N27, 000 as of last year, but that it is now sold for N70,000 per 100kg bag.

He explained that the prices of foreign rice went up due to the high cost of logistics involved to smuggle it into Nigeria.

Early last year, Mr Daniel said foreign rice was sold for as low as N18,000 per 50kg bag, but that is now fluctuating between N26,000- N30,000 per 50k bag. He said they are currently selling at N25,500 (wholesale).

Bags of rice

“There are so many Nigerian rice (local rice) in the market and this is what affected the prices of beans, and that people are also complaining that forex exchanges contributed to the hike they’re currently experiencing. The price of a bag of local rice ranges between N15,000 -N25,000 currently, depending on the level of purity of the rice. Stony rice is cheaper. It was sold for N7000 last year,” he said.

The trader lamented that a bag of groundnut in the market is currently as high as N53,000 and that the measurement of groundnut it contains is reduced when compared to the same bag sold for N30,000 as of last year.

This was majorly caused by the crisis ravaging the Northern parts of the country, Mr Daniel said, and that they’re no longer selling with the hope of making much profit anymore.

“We just don’t want to disappoint our customers,” he added.

At New Benin market in Edo state, Madam RO, a rice retailer said they were selling a “rubber” of rice between the range of N600-N800 as of last year, but that it is currently being sold at N1,800.

“The price of beans is the worst,” she said, “they used to say that beans are for ‘poor men’ before, but that is not the case now. The price of beans is highly unbearable. People with 6-10 children are bearing the brunt. They can no longer afford even 6 cups of beans anymore, and that will still not satisfy them. How will they survive?”

Pictures of "rubber" for measurements

She explained that they were selling a ‘rubber’ of beans between the range of N400 and N500 before the COVID-19 pandemic, but that is currently being sold above N1000 per rubber.

At Garki market in Abuja, a foodstuff trader, who identified himself as Alhaji Usman, told PREMIUM TIMES that as of last year a mudu of brown beans was sold at N700 but that it is currently being sold at N900 a mudu, while a bag of brown beans, he said was sold at N47,000 in 2020, and that it has increased to N62,000 per 100kg bag.

By implication, the prices of rice, beans, groundnut, soybeans, maize, millet, and sorghum from the above-sampled markets have gone up by 44.4, 159.3, 76.7, 63.64, and 116.70 per cents respectively.

In a similar manner, the prices of essential vegetables and spices such as Tomatoes, peppers, and onions have also been on a steady rise.

Many Nigerians have been lamenting about the spike in prices of these components being the necessary spices and vegetables required for the preparation of soups and other delicacies.

At Wuse market in Abuja, Baba Gombe, who sells these products confirmed to this newspaper that the prices of these items have gone up substantially.

He said he used to sell a full basket of pepper and tomatoes at the rate of N600-N700 early this year, but that they are now sold for N3000 per basket each because the bag of pepper and a full basket of tomatoes he used to buy at N7000 now sells for N27,000 per bag and baskets each.


Source: Premium Times

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