Severe poverty and rising unemployment have spread throughout Afghanistan due to the lengthy conflicts and fighting in the country, as well as droughts and a slowdown in agribusiness, which has increased the suffering of war-weary Afghans.
Figures released by the UN mission in the country on Monday said that in the first nine months of the year, more than 2,790 civilians were killed in the country, while more than 5,250 others were injured as a result of conflicts related to incidents.
According to the latest information provided by the Central Statistical Organization of Afghanistan at the beginning of the year, almost 54 percent of the country's population of more than 30 million people live below the poverty line.
The Minister of Agriculture of Afghanistan, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) Nasir Ahmad Durrani recently announced that the government plans to provide support to the most needy families.
However, he said that only the government cannot completely solve the problem of the poverty of the nation.
Durrani said the ministry is working on six specific issues to help with food security in a landlocked country.
“To eradicate hunger, durable food safety and achieve the goals of goal 2 (SGD2) for sustainable development, MAIL plans involve a direct link to food safety resources such as animal husbandry or to increase the yield of wheat, rice and other agricultural crops.
“It also raises the standard of fruit and vegetable products, the growth of agricultural products, supporting farmers, improving the quality of agricultural products and animal husbandry.
“It also enhances the value of agricultural products and animal products and considers current agricultural policies in light of climate change, one of the factors and work done by the ministry.
“The ministry has distributed up to 119 tons of wheat to needy and vulnerable people in 25 of the country's 34 provinces,” he said.
Durrani said that about 60 tons of wheat was also provided to the World Food Program (WFP), which should be replaced by flour, by adding some essential ingredients in collaboration with local and international aid agencies, which will be distributed to 1.4 million people in need .
The latest food distribution plans come as 20 of the country's 34 provinces have suffered drought, and Afghan officials predicted that about 3 million people will need help by the end of the year.
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) stated in another attempt to help people in need, that the UN allocate $ 34.6 million to support drought-affected Afghans.
“The fund will help seven national nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), 15 international NGOs and four UN agencies to“ distribute food and seeds, maintain primary health care services, provide shelters in emergency situations, provide safe drinking water, improve hygiene and sanitation, and treat severe malnutrition and help farmers protect their livestock, ”the OCHA statement said.
The level of unemployment in Afghanistan in the last Afghan year increased by 2 percent to 27 percent, which ended March 20, 2018, when the number of unemployed is growing and private investment continues to decline.
Afghans hope that the just-concluded parliamentary elections and the subsequent presidential elections, scheduled for early 2019, will lead to positive changes in the living conditions of poor people.