How PPP in climate data boosts food production: Sharp decline in international oil costs in recent times, depletion of the nation’s international trade earnings and consequent financial hardship within the nation have compelled the Federal Government to make a deliberate move for diversification of the nation’s economy with concerted efforts on agriculture and natural mineral deposites improvement.
The effort was focused at reaching a sustainable revenue system, job creation, enhancement of the nation’s economic base and international direct investment in Nigeria.
Agriculture, specifically, is essential to the nation’s wealth resuscitation. Not solely is improvement of the sector essential to reaching food availability but in addition to boosting the export market.
Sadly, a serious problem to the actualisation of this long-term goal and agriculture improvement is local weather change, particularly in an emerging economy like Nigeria, which impacts small scale farmers who nonetheless largely practise rain-fed agriculture.
The smallholder farmers, principally residing in rural communities, account for greater than 70 per cent of the entire farming inhabitants that farm on lower than 4 hectares per farmer, however produce as much as 90 per cent of the entire nation’s crop output.
Therefore, as indicators of local weather change increases, it has become imperative to extend the sensitization of farmers to undertake smart weather agricultural practices. This rely upon the truth that the affect of local weather change on federal and state governments agriculture policies, notably the rice revolution, could also be totally understood in rice farming, which requires excessive quantity of water.
Considering the excessive demand for rice consumption in Nigeria, it has become imperative for rice farmers to undertake local innovative weather practices to face up to the impact of drought which depreciate productiveness. More importantly, it will assist the Federal Government’s bid to realize the self-sufficiency goal in domestic rice farming.
Other methods of tackling the problem of local weather change are via the event of drought-resistant crop varieties and promotion of agricultural irrigation methods.
Being conscious of the significance of well timed climate and local weather data is vital to any economic sector which can be delicate to climate, particularly agriculture, aviation, infrastructure development and telecommunication, the Federal Government, via the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMET), has deemed it necessary to forge partnerships with some states of the federation and well-meaning organisations to supply climate data for socio-economic improvement.
The company notes on its web site that “in recognition of the need to significantly reduce the negative impacts of extreme and unusual weather on the environment and living things, climate scientists are producing science-based climate information and products that are vital for informed decision-making, policy formulation and planning both in private and public sectors, especially for operations that are rainfall and temperature dependent.”
The Seasonal Rainfall Prediction (SRP) produced by NiMET is one among its science-based forecasting of annual climate patterns, in fulfilment of its mandate of advising authorities and the general public on all features of the climate and local weather.
In what has change into a longtime annual observe of the company, it just lately unveiled its 2019 Seasonal Rainfall Prediction.
At the ceremony, which held in Abuja, the Minister of State for Aviation, Senator Abubakar Hadi Sirika, stated that the SRP was designed to supply related data for planning and execution of initiatives and programmes in varied sectors together with agriculture, air transportation, infrastructure development, telecommunication and water which can be delicate to climate.
The Minister of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Mallam Muhammad Musa Bello, suggested farmers within the FCT and across the nation to capitalize on the 2019 rainfall prediction made accessible by NiMET in planning their farming business for 2019. He stated that it had become very essential to ensure that climate smart agricultural practices are promoted.”
Bello, also went futger to urge different establishments and communities to make use of the accessible information and data to enhance their actions.
Earlier in his welcome speech, the Director General, NiMET, Prof. Sani Abubakar Mashi, stated the company has been delivering on its mandate because it was established in 2003, including that its predictions have been constantly and precisely delivered.
Citing the unlucky 2012 flood incident that ravaged a number of states of the federation, Prof. Mashi stated that the company had been spurred to do extra to enhance the accuracy of the predictions, including that the predictions by the company had been taken with more focus.
There had been testimonies from stakeholders because the Katsina and Kebbi state governments have hinted on how the company data has helped to enhance agricultural development of their areas.
The British American Tobacco Nigeria (BATN) Foundation, an impartial charitable organisation company and a key nongovernment sector associate of NiMET had in 2017, signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the company to supply climate data, together with the possible dry spell durations and places of possible flash flood occurrences to farmers who’re primarily depending on rain-fed agriculture. The partnership additionally entails that BATNF will accumulate data on the grassroots for the company.
Expressing gratitude to NiMET for its companies, General Manager, BATN Foundation, Lolade Johnson-Agiri, described the company as a vital stakeholder within the realization of the Foundation’s targets.
There has been an elevated partnership between climate administration company and its private and non-private sector stakeholders in agriculture, contemplating the essential position that local weather change performs in agriculture and financial fortunes.
With international warming on the rise, speedy efforts have to be made to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally via superior scientific information.