The Federal Ministry of Science and Technology produced 19 new varieties of crops with a high yield to increase agricultural production.
The Committee on the Issue of National Varieties (NVRC) approved the release at its 26th meeting, held in its secretariat at the National Center for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (NACGRAB), Ibadan.
The registrar and chief executive officer of NACGRAB, Sunday Aladale, on Tuesday in Ibadan told the Nigerian News Agency (NAN) that a chicken was also approved for registration and release.
Mr. Aladale said that the chicken represented by the Federal Agricultural University, Abeokuta (FUNAAB), was a two-purpose (egg and meat) animal breed called FUNAAB Alpha Chicken.
The registrar said that the chicken breed had performance characteristics, such as body weight, egg weight and vitality exceeding the characteristics of existing Nigerian local chickens.
He said that the chairman of the NVRC, Olados Auloymi, announced the release of chicken and 19 varieties of crops from 21 submitted for consideration during the meeting.
Mr. Aladale said that 19 varieties of crops include one soy (SC-SL01), five maize hybrids (P4226, P3966, P4063, WE3205 and DKB350) and two maize species (AMANA-1 and AMANA-2).
Others, he said, were one of the sweet potato varieties (Solo Gold), three varieties of peanuts (SAMNUT 27, SAMNUT 28 and SAMNUT 29) and three sorghum varieties (SAMSORG 47, SAMSORG 48 and SAMSORG 49).
Mr. Aladale said that two varieties of cowpea (SAMPEA 18 and SAMPEA 19) and two transgenic hybrid cotton (MAYCO C567 BGII and MAYCO C570 BGII) were also approved for release.
The NACGRAB chief said that the criteria used by the committee for crop production included such characteristics as high yield potential, good soil purification and resistance to the potato virus.
He said that other characteristics are a good standard, resistance to housing, early maturity, tolerance to drought, an excellent husk shell, a high grain yield and resistance to insect pests.
Mr. Aladale said that the meeting was attended by scientists, seed companies, research institutes, universities and breeders from Nigeria, India and Kenya.
He said that some foreign participants also developed recently released varieties for their countries. (NAN)