Raising snails for food is called a masterpiece. Snails are hermaphrodites, and this means that each snail has both male and female reproductive organs for reproduction of fertile eggs. The snail is a very healthy source of protein, phosphorus, calcium and iron, as well as low in fat, sodium and cholesterol. There are many kinds of edible snails, and they vary in shape, size and color.
Street farming is considered one of the sustainable agribusinesses in Nigeria, but this requires a small investment, depending on the scale that can generate revenue for the year. Mr. Bogi-Mark and Mr. Omolara Olusiji Samuel of Ilorin, who are commercial snail producers, testify to the economic benefits of the snail.
In Nigeria, there are various kinds of snails, they are the milk snail (Otala lacteal), the street snail (Theba pisana), the garden snail (Cornu aspersum), the Burgundian snail (Helix pomatia) and the most popular African giant snail (Achatina achatina), the Giant African snail – the best kind for agriculture because of its fertility and economic size.
Feed your snails early in the morning, and then at night, and provide drinking water. Common foods include fruits and vegetables such as banana, watermelon, cabbage, carrots, daddy, salad, cucumber, potatoes, pumpkin, plantain, etc. D. Snails also feed on green leaves and human crumbs that do not have salt. They also need calcium to grow shells, and therefore eggshells and limestone must be included in their feed.
Ideal water cannons, cocoids, papayas, orcs, cassava, eggplants, cabbage, lettuce leaves and banana leaves. House remnants, such as rice, beans, slices, corn, staples and others without salt, can also regularly enter snails.
Calcium is the only important factor in snail feeding, because low calcium intake slows down the growth rate and causes the shells to be thinner and susceptible to cracking. Calcium can be placed in a feeding dish, so snails can eat it at their own discretion. A local farmer, Mr. God's will Mark said: "Snails drink a lot of water, and the lack of adequate water supply can make them easily dehydrated, which can lead to infertility and stunted growth in snails." If there is a drought, the snails may winter for up to two years, as in the case of desert snails, but during these periods their growth slows down. Therefore, cultured snails should not experience dehydration.
The size of the farm determines the styles and sizes of housing. The size of the shell determines the comfort of cultural snails. For commercial farming it is necessary to purchase permanent farmland. The snail can be grown in boxes of suitable substances, such as wire mesh (grid) and wood. There are different types of snails that can be built. It is necessary to take into account some factors, for example, the stage of development of snails and habits.
This means sorting the snails by age into newly hatched, young and mature snails. It is important to note that younger snails need more comfortable housing, which should be protected to prevent predators. Snails thrive in dark and damp places; so you must avoid direct sunlight or heat. A local snail farmer, Mr. God willing, said: "You can use fresh leaves and cloth to regulate the temperature. Snails are easily dehydrated, and the wind increases the rate of loss of moisture in the shell of the cochlea, which leads to dryness for the animal. "
To ensure that snails can not quickly lose water, the snail house should be located in an environment protected from the wind. A commercial snail farmer, Mr. Oluziji Samuel, said that "In the morning and at night, snails should be moistened to regulate the temperature," adding that "the cost of building a snail rifle varies from 15,000 to 20,000 people." It is necessary to separate large snails from small snails as soon as they begin to grow. "
Type of soil
The main habitat of the cochlea is the soil, and the soil contains certain components and chemicals that need to survive. The soil type must be rich and contain a high level of organic matter. A suitable soil for growing snails is sandy loam soil with a low water retention capacity. Soil should be balanced, not swamped, because the snail also lays eggs and drinks water from the soil. The snail shell is basically calcium, and it extracts most of it from the soil.
Pests and diseases
Termites, lizards, snakes, ants, chickens, geese and turkeys are common snail predators and must be prevented by all means. There are not many diseases in the cochlea, but fungal and bacterial diseases that spread on contact are seen in overcrowded handles. A local snail farmer, Mark's will, Mark, said: "Watch out for pests or pathogens, such as parasites, nematodes and fungi, as well as rats, mice, moles, skunks, caresses, birds, frogs, toads and lizards." Olusiji said: "Termites, ants and earthworms are the main pests for snails and can kill animals if they are not removed on time."
Snails lay eggs at the age of eight to 12 months, when they are sexually mature, fertile eggs hatch between four and six weeks. They do not have a specific breeding period, and on average they contain between five and six egg clutches a year, containing an average of 200 eggs per muff if there are the right conditions. After hatching, the baby snail remains in the soil for two to five days. The prolific nature of reproduction and market value (high demand) of the cochlea would compensate farmers for their long repayment period of about two years. Nestlings should be placed in a separate handle to give them affordable space for growth and maximum protection.
The maturity takes about two years. Only mature snails should be collected. Check the cover of the shell; if it is sufficiently mature, the edge must be thicker and harder than the other parts of the shell. Do not collect all the mature ones for the market. Keep a few for breeding and serve as a basic stock. Mr. Mark said: "You can use containers, bowls, boxes and snail baskets, and 10 kg in packaging is usually ideal because of the high fragility of the snails."
Economy of growing snails
You can conveniently earn big profits from growing snails, because feeding them is economically profitable, and the business can be completed on a part-time basis. Snail meat attracts a premium price, especially in dry seasons.
You can save your current job and do it on a part-time basis, since it does not take much time. To start the commercial activity of a snail of 100 snails, it takes about N70,000, because you need N20, 000 for a snail shotgun and about N50,000 for seed snails. A mature snail can get from N300 to N800 on the market, depending on size and season.
A snail is an export commodity that has value alongside gold in foreign countries. It is a source of income from foreign exchange. Our climate is one of the best in breeding snails. A snail in Nigeria requires little capital, and operating costs are very low. Snail-farmers usually sell their products in hotels, restaurants, the women's market, large supermarkets / groceries and even export to other countries. At present, the demand for a snail is higher than the supply. Therefore, the market potential of the cochlea is inexorable at the local and international levels.