The goat is a small ruminant abdomen, grown in different parts of the world. In African countries, including Nigeria, goats are kept by farmers and families, especially in rural areas. Goat breeds vary from place to place, and in Nigeria the breeds that thrive in the north are different from the rocks in the south.
Goat meat has a unique taste, which is very difficult to describe, but very attractive for taste buds and smell. There are other products that can be obtained from the goat, such as milk, cheese, yogurt, ice cream and butter. Anything that cow's milk can offer can also make goat's milk. That's why growing goats are considered wise farmers as a very profitable business, and it is increasingly becoming very popular among modern farmers.
Grades of rock
Breeds of goats that can be found in Nigeria include Sokoto Red, Bornu-Red, the long-legged goat of West Africa, the goat of West Africa (WAD), Kano Brown, the Bauchi type, etc., and recently the Kalahari Red, originally Imported from South Africa Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB).
Requirements for the cultivation of goats
The number required to start a small-scale gantry farm is about thirty goats, five males and twenty-five women. Female goats should be larger than men, because females are widely used for breeding. Male goats, together with females, produce more goats. However, for farmers engaged in growing and selling, you can buy only men, because the breeding is not in focus.
Means necessary for correct and effective goat rearing are fencing, shelter or handle, feeding racks, water, tarpaulins, feed or silo storage, an animal compartment and a manure storage compartment. The shelter can be in the form of a fence or a goat's handle. A goat-pen is a closed space used for keeping goats, while a fence is a structure built around a feather to prevent walking and poaching.
Goats do not necessarily require a huge space. However, they like to move around. While moving, the farmer must make sure that they do not at the same time eat plants that are too close to the ground to avoid eating them or decorative plants. They like to keep enough space from each other.
The goat does not care about the regulated state of the environment, ensuring that you have enough land for your goats to move around freely while feeding on grass. Feeding goats is relatively cheap, because the main food they eat is green grass, but ready-made feeds can be aggravated to improve fattening, while tubers and root crusts can be used due to the herbivorous nature of the animal.
According to the goat farmer, the gestation period lasts from one to 150 days, adds that goats reach a market size that fully ripens from eight to twelve months, but can get up to 18 months if it is not properly fed. Veterinary treatment is necessary to control infertility and growth retardation. This can be due to drinking water contaminated with salmonella.
Goats also have many diseases that can easily spread and can kill animals. Diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea, ketosis, anemia, anorexia, arthritis, anthrax, bronchitis and coccidiosis, affect goats. Feed should be checked regularly. If the food is contaminated, the animals can come down with diarrhea, he said. Some of the symptoms of pneumonia include mucus discharge from their nose and eyes, fever, anorexia, inflammation of the nasal and buccal cavities, and difficulty breathing.
The farmer said that proper health and sanitation, in addition to good governance, should not be overlooked if any gantry farmer wants to succeed in business. He noted that it is better to start small and expand, because you have more business experience to avoid unnecessary losses.
Return on Investment
The cost of a goat usually depends on its weight. In the slaughterhouse, the goat is weighed, and the price is based on the weight of the goat or the size depending on the buyer. Kozlovodstvo is a good agricultural business, because apart from housing, the cost of harvesting is less capital-intensive than cattle, and can bring a good return on investment with a full understanding of the market. Full goat size of the market can be sold from N20, 000 and above.