Are you interested in agricultural produce export? Do you want to make it big and earn turns of dollars? Do you have the capital to invest in the business? If your answers to the above questions are positive, then I introduce to you one export commodity that will surely give you a very high return on investment.
It is no other than Sesame Seeds Export business. What is sesame in the first place?
Sesame is an annual wild flowering plant domesticated and grown in the tropical regions of the world mainly for its edible seeds.
Sesame plant has many wild species and is native to Sub-Saharan Africa. The domesticated type, sesame indicum, is said to have originated from India.
The sesame plant grows seedpods from the stem that burst open at maturity. It grows flowers of varied colours , white, blue or purple.
A Sesame plant is drought-tolerant. It can germinate and survive early growth with residual soil moisture.
It yields optimally on a well-drained land and fertile soil of moderate texture. The advantage a sesame plant has over other plants is that it grows where other crops cannot grow.
It survives excessive heat or rain. It needs little labour to grow. Subsistence farmers can effectively grow the plant.
In Nigeria, sesame plant farming is prevalent in northern states of Nasarawa, Benue, Taraba, Plateau, Kano, Jigawa and Yobe where it grows very well. People come from far and near to buy the seeds from there.
The seeds are very tiny seeds with thousands of varieties and come in different colours but the most traded variety is off-white.
Other colours are gold, brown red, tan, black and gray. The sesame seeds oil content is rich with nutty flavour and is common ingredients in cuisines around the world.
The seeds are processed into premium oil, which is resistant to rancidity and is very important ingredients of many Asian and Middle East dishes.
Different peoples of the world use sesame seeds for different purposes. Some use them to garnish bread, hamburger or to bake into crackers or cakes.
The oil is used in cooking and frying of delicacies in many parts of the world. Some use the oil to add flavour to soups and hot dishes. Sesame seeds are also used in African cuisines. For instance, in Togo they are used as soup ingredient; in Congo DR and Angola they are ground and served with smoked fish delicacy. After processing and oil extraction, the sesame seeds, which contain carbohydrates and about 35 to 50 per cent protein, are used as poultry and livestock feeds.
Food And Health Benefits
Sesame seeds are rich in minerals such as copper, manganese, and magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, molybdenum, selenium, iron, phosphorus, vitamin B1 and zinc. They therefore possess some medicinal properties. A 100-gram of dried whole sesame seeds is rich in calories, composed of 5 per cent water, 23 per cent carbohydrates, 12 per cent fibre, 50 per cent fat and 18 per cent protein.
Sesame seeds also contain sesamolin and sesamin that are very potent for lowering cholesterol and preventing high blood pressure in human beings.
The calcium in sesame seeds prevents colon cancer and migraine. Magnesium is good in vascular and respiratory health used in treating asthma.
According to Wikipedia, in 2013 India had the highest produce of 0.63 million tons followed by China with 0.62 million tons, with Nigeria coming third with 0.58 million tons.
Myanmar followed Nigeria with 0.54 million tons and Tanzania trailing with 0.42 tons.
Scientifically treated seeds are properly cleaned, washed dried, colour sorted, size graded and impurity-free seeds with a guaranteed minimum oil content are packaged in line with international best practices.
Seeds lacking in these qualities are often rejected by importing countries. The seeds are hulled after harvest to remove immature or off-sized seeds. They are passed through electronic colour sorting machine to ensure that those of the same colour are sorted and separated. Those with same appearance are of better quality.
Sesame seeds are then packaged in containers and bulk bins. The unhulled seeds are stored in airtight containers and stored in a cool, dry place. But hulled seeds are stored in the freezer or refrigerator because of the oil content. They are then exported to Japan, China, Canada, United States, France, the Netherlands and Turkey, among others. In 2008, India was largest exporter followed by Ethiopia and Myanmar.
The world largest importer is Japan whose people cherish the roasted seed, an essential ingredient of their cooking, followed by China that prefers the oil grade.
Other major importers are Canada, United States, France, the Netherlands and Turkey.
A high value cash crop sold with seed coat removed. Prices are in the range of about 800 US dollars per ton or more. Sesame exporters sell across a wide price range depending on quality perception; particularly how the seeds look is a major pricing factor.
Most importers who supply ingredient to distributors and oil processors only want to purchase scientifically treated, properly cleaned, washed, dried, colour-sorted, size-graded, and impurity-free seeds with a guaranteed minimum oil content not less than 40 per cent packed according to international standards. Seeds that do not meet these quality standards are not fit for export and can only be consumed locally.
Sesame seeds are export-oriented business where you earn foreign exchange.
You can, however, play in this business as farmer, an agent/ distributor, supplier or exporter. Whichever way, you stand a chance to make fortunes especially as an exporter. But you have to learn the ropes, especially in the area of processing, storage and the intricacies of export business.
Seek the services of a consultant or join associations in the business. Sesame seeds business has made many rich. Perhaps it is your turn to prosper.
Talk to me. Drop me a line!