Cassava products are in very high demand all over the world for the production of various products and compounding of animal feeds.
The advent of global warming has put cassava on the front burner as a prime raw material for the production of ethanol which does not emit carbon dioxide unlike fossil fuels. High cost of grains like corn has also made cassava chips preferred substitute for compounding animal feeds.
The demand for cassava products is on the ascendancy and enquires flow in on daily bases from nooks and crannies of the world, but we are handicapped because our farming systems are still rudimentary and based on peasant farmers that farm small holdings with hoes and knives. With mechanized farming cassava is a money spinner.
Cassava Farming Stages
Selection Of Farm Land: Choose an accessible well-drained fertile soil where you can grow your cassava without too much problem and as well have an access to main road to transport your produce to the market or buyers have access to buy your products.
Land Preparation: A total herbicide – Round up (a glyphosate) should be applied 10 days before land preparation this will help in controlling the weed at long run, and it’s more economical than using manual labour. For cost effectiveness and optimum plant population, mechanisation and planting on ridges are recommended as you prepare for planting.
Soil Conditioning: Soil conditioners are soil amendments that improve the soil structure by increasing aeration, water holding capacity, and nutrients. They loosen up compacted, hard pan and clay soils and release locked up nutrients.
Soil conditioners can also raise or lower pH levels depending on what they are made of. You can use organic soil conditioner, sometimes if you use it no need applying fertilizer.
Ploughing: You can hire tractor to plough the land before planting or you buy hand tractor it is not expensive and it is easy to maintain.
Planting and Planting Materials
•Planting starts in April and can be extended to October.
•Cassava stem are used for planting. Bundle goes for N1000
•Stem cuttings 25 cm long should be planted at a spacing of 1 m x 1 m.
•Maintain 100% planting rate by replacing dead or nonviable stems.
Cassava Varieties: Choose varieties that are best suitable for the climatic and environmental conditions of your region.
To increase yields, it’s best to choose varieties that tolerate diseases and pests, are drought-resistant, grow fast and mature early and that can be stored in the ground for months such vitamin A cassava stems.
Post Planting Weed Control
Where a total herbicide was not used before land preparation, it is recommended that a selective pre-emergence herbicide be applied within three days after planting.
Cassava plants can be fertilized with the help of manure, such as poultry droppings, cow or goat dung, Organic liquid fertilizer, NPK. If you plough the fields, leguminous cover crops can be used to improve soil nutrition.
Apply artificial fertilizer carefully and according to instructions.
It is best to select varieties that are naturally resistant to pests in your area. There are several pests and diseases that affect this plant. Among them are:
•Mealy Bug (Phenacocusmanihoti)
•Green Mite (Monoychellustanajoa)
•Termites •Cassava Mosaic Disease •Cassava Bacterial Blight •Cassava Anthracnose Disease
• Tractor or Hand tractor
Return on investment is high as the demand for cassava is on increase both locally and internationally.
NOTE: Be part of Agribusiness investment opportunities Seminar on Livestock Feed Formulation coming up soon. NGO”s, Churches, Mosque, Individuals can participants by send SMS to 08035004617