How to Grow Carrot or Carrot Farming, Carrots are very easy to grow as long as you appropriately prepare the soil before planting, your carrots will thrive in almost any climate. Carrot takes between 70 to 80 days mature.
Choose a variety: There are varieties of carrots that contain several types, which farmers buy.
Chantenay: Chantenay carrots grow five to six inches into the soil and can be grown in most soil types, though they prefer rich, heavy soil conditions.
Ball-type: Also known as “Thumbelina,” Ball-type carrots are extremely similar to Chantenay, though they do not grow quite as long.
Danvers: Danvers carrots are large block-shaped carrots that need heavy, nutrient-rich soil in order to thrive. The soil does not have to be deep, however.
Nantes: Originally from France, Nantes carrots are cylindrical carrots with rounded tips that grow between six and nine inches deep.
Amsterdam: These are a small variety, about 3 inches (76 mm) long, which makes them ideal for shallow soil or poorer soil conditions. They can also be harvested earlier.
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Site choice: Though full sun is best, carrots can handle some shade as they are a cool weather crop.
Loosen the soil: The most important factor when it comes to growing carrots is making sure that the soil is well-loosened. Remove any rocks or hard, clumpy soil from the area.
Check soil PH level
Carrots like a slightly acidic soil with a pH between 5.8 and 6.8.
Fertilize: Mix in about four inches of organic compost into your soil. This will help the seeds germinate in the soil and encourage a hardy production.
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Planting and spacing: If planting in rows, space the seeds about 1–2 inches (2.5–5.1 cm) apart in a shallow trench, no more than 1⁄2 inch (1.3 cm) deep. Space each row of carrots 8–10 inches (20–25 cm) apart from each other.
Harvesting: The bigger and longer they grow, the sweeter and juicier they become