Some farmers are now looking for biogas technology to turn animals and other waste into power plants. Informs DANIEL ESSIET.
The hope for biogas generation is high among farmers and innovators, as it potentially solves two problems of utilization of livestock wastes and provision of energy to compensate for the increase in the cost of electricity.
Biogas is a type of biofuel produced by the decomposition of organic waste. Animal manure, food waste, sewage and sewage are examples of organic matter that can produce biogas.
Mr. Adewale Zacchaeus, a small farmer in the community of Ibulesoro in Ondo, has every reason to smile. Two years ago he did not have light on his farm. Consequently, he sold his products only because he could not process, because there was no electricity: the village is not connected to the national network. But today his story is different. Now it produces renewable electricity from cow manure. All thanks to the Federal Agricultural College (FECA), Akure, Ondo State and the Agricultural Productivity Program in West Africa (WAAPP-Nigeria).
While FECA used its place to demonstrate how to use cow manure to produce electricity with a modest biogas plant, WAAPP funded the project. So now, thanks to the technology of cow manure and biogas, he and his family not only have free, but steady strength all year round.
The Ibulesoro community now uses animal waste to generate electricity and gas, kindly provided by FECA and WAAPP.
Cow is imported from different farms nearby. One cow can produce more than 30 gallons of manure a day. Zacchaeus is happy that he can enjoy electricity.
Before the project, every day, Ms. Zacchaeus spent several hours collecting wood for cooking and heating water. The construction of a biogas plant in their home has changed their lives. She was freed from daily hard work and now has more time to spend on activities that bring income to the family. Her husband has gained experience in installing and maintaining a biogas plant, which makes it a decisive factor for the development of other plants in the area.
For FECA, the conversion of cow manure to biogas is good for agriculture.
Through the implementation of the energy project for cow dung for farmers, the Vice-Rector of FECA, Dr. Samson Odedina, said that the school provides a transformed agricultural sector that meets the needs of rural and urban poor, small farmers and provides a transition to agricultural modernization.
Odedina said that energy is needed in all aspects of agricultural production and food production, including processing, provision of services, among other things, adding that such sustainable solutions provide the key to improving energy and reducing poverty among the rural poor.
According to him, the college teaches farmers and students the use of biogas technology to produce methane gas from cow manure and translates it into culinary fuel.
In this regard, Zacchaeus, the beneficiary, is able to collect cow manure to manage his house.
Provost looks forward to a new source of income and jobs, which will be created on the initiative. The cost of building a biogas power plant is 500,000.
Despite the fact that biogas was more expensive than other types of renewable energy, farmers chose it because it provides them with a way of recycling waste in electricity generation. Liquid biogas residues left after the fermentation process are also used as a fertilizer.
The municipality of Akure is fermenting so many tons of cattle waste per day from slaughterhouses that can be collected by farmers.
Another success story is in the federal metropolitan area (FCT), Abuja. There, the agricultural company Ajima Farms operated the village of Rije in the district council of Kuye with 20 kilowatts of biogas from the generators. The project, called Ajima Farms Biogas Digester Off-Grid, was opened by the African Development Fund of the United States (USADF), led by its regional director Tom Coogan, along with the project coordinator, Ajima farms, Fatima Ademoh and the village head Reggie, Ibrahim Kuyagva.
Ajima Farms is the first winner of the African Development Project of Africa (USADF) Off-Grid Energy Challenge, which was also held in eight other African countries. USADF awarded a grant of $ 100,000 to Ajima Farms, and then increased funding by $ 50,000 for a second biogas project in the village of Kuwiji in the same FCT district council. Since 2013, USADF has financed more than 70 entrepreneurs in nine countries and invested more than $ 7.5 million in their enterprises.
Ademoh said: "We have Ajima farms, and we were presented with two problems that were agricultural waste and surrounded by villages that are not connected to the national grid and do not have access to electricity. We looked at how we can solve these problems. "Waste, when we looked at them, was not good for the health of the community, and the gas released by these wastes into the atmosphere is 24 times more dangerous than carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas. The project consists of three components that represent energy production, a solution for the preparation of clean gas and energy efficiency. We have a similar project in Kuwije with 10 kilowatts. "It gave birth to a biogas project here, in the village of Riye of the Kuisky District Council.
This is for the power of the community. Currently, we collect waste from commercial farms located here, and also lose public catering, and young people bring them to their place. They provide and manage biogas generators. "There is a meter that regulates the consumption of electricity from the power source supplied to consumers in the village, through the prepayment system that we have, and not the same with electricity suppliers."
According to her, currently 45 percent of Nigerians are not connected to the national network, which forces them to care for communities that do not have access to electricity, and added that biogas remains a clean form of energy, whereby the government can come (PPP), for deployment of this energy on a wider scale.
The lead group, Zeta Prime Alternative Technologies, Miss Uzoma Eleke develops innovative technologies for the use of renewable energy sources.
In 2016, TOTAL Plc launched a contest called Africa Startupper Challenge 2016, in which some Nigerian innovators competed to demonstrate their projects. A total of 1,943 projects were submitted and evaluated, of which 3 were selected. The first runner-up for a total of Nigeria in 2016 was Womoma Elec. Her organization is working on a prototype of a biogas project that can be used by farmers who are outside the network.
She successfully tested the first prototype laboratory scale in the large network communities in the Quebec and Bvar districts of Abuja.
Uzom explained that the pilot anaerobic digester will produce methane (biogas) from fermented organic waste (biomass). She sees an opportunity to build a centralized biogas plant that will use existing waste to produce energy and bio-fertilizers. She is determined to become a producer of electricity on biogas.
While most farmers will use biogas as a way to reduce the cost of fuel for domestic consumption, she noted that still expensive biogas biogas.
Overhead, although many of them still find Sh100, 000, necessary to install the units, so they are steep; they argue that what happens from this renewable energy source is worth it, ultimately.
In Africa, biogas business is booming. Biogas is produced from a large fermentation tank for maize, liquid manure and glycerin.
Experts believe that if they are used well, Nigeria can realize at least N4.54 trillion annually from biogas derived from the processing of organic waste.
One of them is Chief Executive Officer of Avenam Links International Limited, Ms. Nina Ani.
Ms. Ani said that the annual agricultural, municipal, plant, waste, green, food and domestic waste, including throughout the country, is estimated at 542.5 million tons and is 4.54 trillion. Doll. The United States (or 29.29 billion US dollars).
She said in the direction of monetary value, biogas as a renewable source of energy and culinary gas has positive long-term consequences for people and their environment, unlike traditional fossil fuels.
It defined state policy and financing as two main tasks preventing proper investment in biogas production.