Agriculture in the backyard was called vital for supplementing family livelihoods, as it saves scarce resources.
It is argued that a farm in the backyard, be it livestock or crop production, allows the family to save most of the income from other sources, such as wages, salaries or commissions, and invest such savings in other income-generating activities.
Professor Kolavole Adebayo, a lecturer at the Federal Agricultural University, Aboeokuta (FUNAAB), explained: "As the name suggests, it is exactly the kind of farm that you have in the backyard of your house, not necessarily at the back of the house, but can also be in front of you at home, in the kitchen or anywhere in the house. "
Agriculture in the backyard is usually designed in such a way as to grow organic products. A variety of agricultural products can be grown with a small amount of resources invested in it, on a small scale, and self-help work can be used, excluding the high cost of labor.
Cultures that can be grown in the backyard include, but are not limited to, vegetables, fruits, dwarfs and early ripening perennial crops such as orange, coconut trees, mango trees and many others. Animals can also be grown in the backyard, such as poultry, goats and rabbits, among others.
In addition, Professor Kolavole spoke about the benefits of farming in the backyard, saying: "In fact, I believe that the farm in the backyard is part of agriculture, which is used to increase family spending. So, if you buy a lot of tomatoes for cooking in the family, you can just prepare a one-meter space for five meters at the back of the house, so that some of the tomatoes that you use in the kitchen come from the farm.
"And if the family is a lover of vegetables, such as the color, pumpkin leaf, water leaf, etc., Instead of paying for all this, you can produce them yourself and get what you want."
This can also be extended to other subsectors of agriculture, for example, with two or three chickens in the backyard or inside the complex, Kolavole said. They could survive and be resilient with remnants such as rice and harry, and at any time when you want to satisfy yourself, just kill one of them. Even from the layers that you plant, you can often generate eggs, said Adebayo.
Adebayo said: "If in a month the family spends N10,000 only on food, that is N120,000 per year. If only 10% of this N120,000 comes from a farm in the backyard, it's about N10,000, which will be reduced from the family's expenses each year. "
Children can also be part of a farm in the backyard after school hours, and this can be a source of motivation for them to pick up a career in agricultural science later in life.
The commercial concept and importance of agriculture in the backyard is not about selling, but about reducing the amount of money you spend on food every month or year.
Agricultural science said that with farming in the backyard, social capital can be generated in the sense that "when you have a visitor and you do not have the money to give to a person, you can give him harvested crops such as pepper or tomatoes, five eggs or so, and vegetables. Definitely, when they get to the house, they will call to thank you for the gift. And indirectly, when you need something from such a person, he or she will willingly give you. "
Adebayo said: "If a family spends N500 on peppers and tomatoes every week, and they are about 52 weeks a year, such a family spends 26,000 per year on peppers and tomatoes. So, imagine that you do not need to spend that much time. "