Serious concerns were raised about the growing number of unemployed graduates issued by Nigerian universities and other higher education institutions. Therefore, it is extremely important to revise educational programs with the help of graduate skills that could provide self-employment and subsistence after school. This situation will provide economic, social and institutional value for the society, as highly qualified people become entrepreneurs and workers. Consequently, the effect will seep with better productivity and greater economic growth in the country.
The foregoing was the agricultural platform of the agricultural faculty at the University of Ibadan for building human potential through the Practical Training Program (PYTP). For the majority of agricultural students PYTP, which covers one academic session and has undergone to 400 level students effectively equip them with professional skills. Although knowledge is a treasure, the wisdom of its application is the key, without which it is useless. PYTP provided students with an opportunity to learn about the experience of working with equipment, agricultural machinery and agricultural production practices and to greatly transform their knowledge in the classroom into innovation and economic prosperity.
At the university, the goal was to eliminate certified, but unproductive graduates of the economy of the country's white knuckle through modern and scientific methods and methods of work when loading equipment and machinery. This allowed students to get their knowledge in a real working situation, so the transition from school to the world became possible due to the involvement of employers in the entire educational process.
The program is executed to enable external posting. Chairman of the program Dr. K.A. Thomas said that in addition to the practical impact on the campus, PYTP students are sent to neighboring research institutes, in particular the National Research Institute for Horticulture (NIHORT), Ibadan and the Institute of Cocoa Studies of Nigeria (KRIN), Ibadan, to acquire practical knowledge in the field gardening and harvesting trees.
Campus activities in the teacher's and research farm provide students with training in various subject areas, such as the production of cereals (corn), legumes (cowpees, soybeans and peanuts), tuber crops (cassava, pits and cocoa), fruit and leafy vegetable cultures, both local and exotic.
It was a rewarding experience for students. The student described the eradication of the worm's marine plague on his farms as the most important task, but also carried out the experience so far, saying: "The ability to solve this problem made us feel like superheroes." She was grateful to the faculty dean, Professor Ademola Ladele, for his administrative skills in ensuring the smooth operation of the program.
Making farming more attractive to the younger generation by integrating traditional farming skills with technology will be of great importance for increasing the human capital needed to provide a growing food population in the future. Academic knowledge can become productive when platforms for practical tools are available.
Overcoming the gap in the generation is not primarily in a sustainable technological process, but in organizational integration. This means that young people are always engaged in the constant impact of research and teaching. Without the necessary experience, the skills needed to successfully launch young people into the expansive agricultural sector may be lost. In general, human development is important and should be encouraged to supplement education in the classroom, as the value of knowledge is lost when it is not possible to practically apply it.
• Thomas is the Department of Agricultural Development and Rural Development, University of Ibadan