“Cash economy” fuels Boko Haram, ISIS

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The predominance of the monetary economy is the main factor fueling the heinous activities of Boko-Haram and other terrorist groups in the Lake Chad basin, according to a UN report.

This was contained in the 22nd report of the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team in accordance with resolution 2368 (2017) on the Islamic state in Iraq and the Levant – ISIL – (Dash), Al-Qaida and related individuals and organizations.

The report was submitted to the Committee of the Security Council in accordance with resolutions 1267 (1999), 1989 (2011) and 2253 (2015) on ISIL (Dash), Al-Qaeda and related individuals, groups, enterprises and organizations.

The UN said that the number of doctrinally oriented non-governmental organizations channeling funds to local terrorist groups is growing and Member States are concerned that radicalization increases the threat level in the Sahel.

The report said: "Meanwhile, Boko Haram (QDe.138) and the Islamic State Province of West Africa (ISWAP) have had similar impacts in their areas of control, including the Lake Chad basin.

"Predominance in the field of a monetary economy without control facilitates the creation of terrorist groups financed by extortion, charitable donations, smuggling, money transfers and kidnapping.

"In Nigeria, 111 schoolgirls from the city of Dapfi were abducted on 18 February 2018 and released by ISWAP on 21 March 2018 in exchange for a major ransom," the report said.

The report was signed by a group of coordinators, analytical support and monitoring of sanctions, Edmund Fitton-Brown, who said that the report was "comprehensive and independent," and Kairat Umarov, chairman of the Security Council Committee.

The UN Security Council Committee on Al-Qaeda sanctions blacklisted and imposed sanctions on the Islamist militant group Boko Haram in 2014 after the rebels abducted more than 200 schoolchildren of Chibok.

The designation, which came into effect after 15 Security Council members raised objections, subjected Boko Haram to UN sanctions, including the arms embargo, assets freeze and travel ban.

Last week, the UN Security Council stated that it remains concerned about the security and humanitarian situation caused by terrorists Boko Haram and other armed groups in Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad.

In a presidential statement, the 15-member Committee regretted the Central African countries facing ongoing terrorist activities, the instability and consequences of climate change, and requested the Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to review the work of the United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOC), and recommend areas for improvement.

The presidential statement said: "The Security Council strongly condemns all terrorist attacks in the region, including those committed by Boko Haram and the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as Dash).

"These attacks led to large-scale and devastating losses, had devastating humanitarian impact, including the displacement of a large number of civilians in Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad and pose a threat to stability and peace in West and Central Africa.

"The Council notes with particular concern the continued use of women and girls by Boko Haram as suicide bombers, which created an atmosphere of suspicion towards them and set them the goals of harassment and stigmatization in affected communities and arbitrary arrests by security forces.

"The Council emphasizes the need to assist affected States in combating terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including by eliminating conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism, in accordance with obligations under international law, in particular international human rights law, international refugee law and international humanitarian law ".

The Security Council welcomed the support provided by UNAA and the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) to develop a joint regional strategy to address the root causes of the crisis in the Lake Chad basin through regular contacts with regional leaders.

The Council called on partners to increase security assistance for the countries of the basin of the Lake Chad Basin, as well as to provide humanitarian and development assistance in the region to those affected by the activities of Boko Haram.

"The Security Council remains deeply concerned about the serious security situation and related violations and violations of human rights in parts of Central Africa, in particular the continuing terrorist activities of Boko Haram and other terrorist groups in the Lake Chad Basin," the statement said.

"The Security Council expresses its constant concern about the continuing tensions associated with disputed electoral processes, social and economic difficulties and conflicts between farmers and shepherds," the statement said.

The Council, composed of 15 members, noted that UNOCOM's priorities would be closely linked to UNOVAD in addressing trans-regional issues such as maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea, the conflict between farmers and shepherds and the fight against Boko Haram. (NAN)

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