How To Build A Fish Pond

Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

Building a fish is more than just filling your dug with water as well as fish. You must know the different steps in building a proper fish pond to be able to earn money from it in the future. There are few things that you need to consider before starting to build a fish pond. Now, there are different types of ponds, some of the examples are:

    • Plastic fish pond OR otherwise known as mobile fish pond

    • Wooden fish pond.

    • Concrete fish pond

    • River/Stream fish pond: This is practiced by constructing a barrier to control the population and movement of the fishes in a particular area of a natural river or stream.

    • Earthen pond: This kind of fish pond is said to be the most preferred type by some farmers because of the presence of some micro-organisms which aid the breeding of the fishes. It is also known as the oldest form of fish pond in Nigeria. It is dug to an extent beneath the surface of the earth to allow the action of capillary water in the soil to take place, just like in the case of a well water system but must not become too deep must also have in enough space. This system should be shallow, preferably in a location close to a natural form of water like river or stream. Now let’s get started!

Conditions Necessary for Siting a Fish Pond

Fish Farming  How To Build A Fish Pond CATFISH2BFARM1
Fish Farming

Availability of Water: Fishes are aquatic animals, as their life depends entirely on water. The water must be free from pollutants, colour, smell, and taste. The resources may be streams, rivers, boreholes or springs.

Availability of Fingerlings: The fingerlings to be used must be the fast-growing type. Moreso, they must have high feed convertibility. Ideally, the fingerlings must be ready to be harvested at about seven months from the time of hatching.

Vegetation of the Place: Light vegetation is ideal, preferably grassland. This will be easy to clear, sump and excavate before siting the fish pond.

Topography: The land must be flat, but must allow the gentle flow of water from a higher region to a lower region. The area must not be floody, but if floody, then construct embankment and other barriers early enough.

Soil Particles: The floor of the area must contain clayey soils because this helps to retain water. Also the soil must be rich in order to survive the fingerlings.

Size and Location: The size depends on the availability of funds, and the type of fish farming to be practiced. Therefore, for commercial fish farming a large expanse of land is required. The location can be either in the lowland or upland.

Availability of Feeds: Fishes are usually supplied with supplementary feed especially during the day. This includes kitchen products, vegetables, as well as manure and fertilizers which should be supplied to enhance the growth of planktons.

Location of the Hatchery: The hatchery should not be not be too far from the fish pond. Fingerlings are very fragile and die off easily, hence when released from the hatchery must be sent immediately into the pond.

Availability of Labour: The availability of labour should be considered. Fish pond should be in a place where labour supply is high, since the work is labour intensive, that is, clearing, stumping, excavation of the land, feeding of fish down to harvesting and processing activities.

Establishment of a Fish Pond

Before fish pond is established, certain operations must be carried out. They include the following:
Site selection, surveying of the land, clearing and stumping of site, construction of core trench, construction of spill way, impoundment of pond, pond fertilization, pond inoculation, liming.
I’ll briefly discuss those terms you might not be familiar with.

fish farming1  How To Build A Fish Pond fish farming1Construction of Core Trench:

This involves the removal of soil.
Soil can also be escavated.
Position should be at right angle to the dam.
Consolidated walls with stones and cement (concrete pond)

Construction of Spill Way:
· Position at one end of dam
· Use wood and fire-meshed screen.

Impoundment Of fish Pond
· Filling of pond with water.
· Done by opening the monk board of the reservoir.
· Water released to flow and fill pond.

Pond Fertilization
· Fertilization encourages the growth of micro-flora.
· By pouring organic fertilizers such as poultry droppings, cow dungs or use of inorganic ones like N.P.K or super phosphate or liming.
· Carried out 15 days before stocking pond with fish.

Related Posts
Copyright: Sven Torfinn/Panos
Ever wonder how to break though yield barriers? Or maybe how to tweak your crop rotation to make sure it’s firing on all cylinders? A panel of farmers at an ...
Top 20 Items You Can Export From Nigeria And Make Money
Exports from Nigeria to other countries of the world is very lucrative and can build the country’s economy overnight. Why we are not exporting enough products from Nigeria to other ...
How to produce/make poultry feed (A-Z Processing)
Except for a few feed manufacturers who keep to the standards in poultry feed formulations, many feed companies in the country make very poor quality feeds, a situation which has ...
How to Start a Palm Kernel Oil Extraction Company
Are you interested in starting a palm kernel oil extraction business? Do you need a sample palm kernel oil extraction business plan template or feasibility study report? Then I advice you ...
How To Start Quail Eggs Business And  Benefits
This special report exposes you to the little known but amazing medical and financial benefits of quail birds. You’ll get to discover huge secrets about the potency of this tiny ...
How To Access Anchor Borrowers Fund
In order to increase funding for the agricultural sector, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), in line with its developmental function, established the Anchor Borrowers’ Programme (ABP), which was launched ...
How Best To Grow Wheat –IAR Director
Wheat, a highly versatile crop, is used in making foods like bread, biscuits, cookies, cakes, spaghetti, and noodles. It is also used for making local foods like ‘Tuwo’, ‘Alkaki’, ‘Fura’, ...
In the 80s, cocoa was arguably one of the major cash-crops relied upon as a foreign exchange earner, which serves as the major employment of labour across the nation but ...
Sweet potatoes
Sweet potato is tropical herbaceous plant which, by the nature of its temperature requirement, can be grown throughout Nigeria. States like Kaduna, Kano, Zamfara, and Sokoto in the North-west are ...
How To Start Tomato Farming
Have you ever thought of starting your own tomato farming business in Nigeria?You may think that only the northern part of Nigeria grows tomatoes, but I can tell you that ...
How To Boost Your Yields
Top 20 Items You Can Export From Nigeria
How to produce/make poultry feed (A-Z Processing)
How to Start a Palm Kernel Oil Extraction
How To Start Quail Eggs Business And
How To Access Anchor Borrowers Fund
How Best To Grow Wheat –IAR Director
How To Become Successful Cocoa Farmer
Best Ways To Farm Sweet Potato, By Expert
How To Start Tomato Farming
Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.